about Anthrax ] [ Surveillance
Guidelines in Response to Anthrax Threats ]
INFORMATION SHEET FOR THE PUBLIC
Facts about anthrax
What is Anthrax?
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is most commonly found among animals such as cows, horses, sheep and goats. However in the Caribbean anthrax has not been found in any form for the last twenty (20) years. Anthrax does not occur naturally in powders. Powdered anthrax is man-made.
Anthrax infection in humans is of three types reflecting the route by which the disease was acquired:
How is it Spread?
Person-to-person spread of anthrax is extremely unlikely, if it occurs at all. When humans become infected with anthrax, the source is usually infected animals or from exposure to the spores. The transmission of anthrax is as follows:
What are the Signs and Symptoms?
Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease was contracted, but usually occur within seven (7) days after exposure.
How is Anthrax Treated or Prevented?
Anthrax disease can be prevented after exposure with prompt antibiotic treatment. Vaccination against anthrax is not recommended for the general public.
For further information, call. ..[PLEASE INSERT YOUR COUNTRY’S DESIGNATED TELEPHONE NUMBER HERE]
Thanks to the Ministry of Health, Trinidad and Tobago, for participating in the development of these guidelines
Caribbean Epidemiology Centre
Page last modified 22 October, 2001